Zoom Video Communications admitted on Thursday that it suspended user accounts and ended meetings linked to the anniversary of China's Tiananmen Square crackdown on its platform after the Chinese government demanded it do so.
Zoom, which has seen its global popularity as a video conferencing tool soar during the COVID-19 pandemic, said it did not provide any user information or meeting content to the Chinese government, adding it would not allow further requests from China to affect users outside the country in the future.More: Zoom upgrades encryption amid privacy concerns Is video service Zoom taking steps to protect your video chats? Grieving mothers challenge China's Tiananmen taboo
The company's statement comes after it temporarily shut three accounts belonging to activists, one of whom is based in Hong Kong and two of whom are in the United States.
Humanitarian China founder Zhou Fengsuo, who is based in the US, said his account was suspended after holding a Zoom event to commemorate the 31st anniversary of the brutal military crackdown in Tiananmen Square. Viewers from mainland China, where Tiananmen has been all but erased, joined the event.
Zoom said the Chinese government had notified it about four large planned commemoration meetings that were being publicised on social media. The authorities demanded they terminate the events and linked accounts, it added.
Zoom decided to end three of those meetings and temporarily suspend the host accounts as it is currently unable to remove specific participants from a meeting or block participants from a certain country from joining a meeting, the company said.
California-based Zoom said it left the last meeting "undisturbed" as it did not have any participants from mainland China. It has now reinstated the accounts.Working on blocks
The company said it was developing technology to enable it to remove or block at the participant level based on geography, and would publish an updated global policy on June 30.
"This will enable us to comply with requests from local authorities when they determine activity on our platform is illegal within their borders," it said.
"However, we will also be able to protect these conversations for participants outside of those borders where the activity is allowed."
Reuters was not immediately able to contact China's internet watchdog, the Cyberspace Administration of China.
The semi-autonomous territory of Hong Kong is the only place in China that holds a public commemoration of the 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown [Jerome Favre/EPA]
Content related to the Tiananmen Square crackdown is regularly blocked or censored by authorities in China, and Western social media and chat platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp are blocked. Microsoft's Skype was removed from China's Apple and Android stores in 2017, although a Skype for Business option remains available.
Zoom, which said in its US Securities and Exchange Commission filings that it has many research and development personnel in China, is not blocked and has become a popular tool for Chinese users told to stay home during the COVID-19 outbreak.
Wang Dan, an exiled Tiananmen Square student leader whose account was also shut down, said he was shocked to hear Zoom admit it had interrupted meetings. His June 3 event with about 200 participants was deactivated midstream, he said.
"Zoom complied with China’s request, preventing us from going about our lives smoothly. It cannot get away with just a statement. We shall continue to use legal means and public opinion to ask Zoom to take responsibility for its mistake," he said.