Criticism can't be unfair and abusive, the Bombay High Court said
The Bombay High Court today said that in a democracy a person has the right to express views, but it does not confer a license to violate the constitutional rights of others.
A bench of Justices SS Shinde and MS Karnik was hearing a petition filed by Sameet Thakkar, seeking to quash an FIR registered against him over his tweets against Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray and his son and minister Aaditya Thackeray.
Police have registered a First Information Report against Sameet Thakkar for obscenity and slander.
On Thursday, his lawyer Abhinav Chandrachud argued that Constitution gives every citizen the right to criticize those who hold a public office, even the prime minister.
Sameet Thakkar is facing a case for two tweets which were not obscene, the lawyer said, adding that abusive language does not necessarily mean obscenity.
Mr Chandrachud also cited Justice VR Krishna Iyer's remark that courts should ignore trifling and venial offenses.
The Supreme Court too had said that those holding public offices must be thick-skinned, the lawyer added.
The bench, however, disagreed.
"Sometimes we also receive very harsh criticism. We know that if we ignore it, everything will pass. But can we expect everyone to react in the same manner? Someone holding a public office might be very sensitive," the high court said.
Advocate Chandrachud also argued that Sections 499 and 500 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) which deal with defamation were slapped against Sameet Thakkar, but the complaint had been filed by a private person and not the chief minister who was allegedly defamed.
The judges, however, said that the dignity of a public office should be maintained.
"The rights of your client cannot violate someone else's constitutional rights. Everybody knows these rights are not absolute... If criticism is fair, then the person who occupies public office should have the capacity to accept it. But criticism can't be unfair and abusive," it said.
The high court also observed that it has become very easy to criticize someone on social media. "People now think they can get publicity if they post something against the prime minister or chief minister. You know now even the judiciary is not immune. Before pandemic everyday we used to keep getting so many letters," the bench said.
Additional Public Prosecutor SR Shinde said the police had issued a notice to Sameet Thakkar under relevant Section of the Code of Criminal Procedure, but he was yet to appear before them to record his statement.
Such a notice is issued where arrest is not necessary and the maximum punishment for the offense is less than seven years.
Advocate Chandrachud said his client was willing to record his statement, but he did not do so fearing arrest.
"Our understanding is that there is no need for arrest when 41-A notice has been issued. You inform investigating officer of the same," the court told the government lawyer.
It directed Sameet Thakkar to appear before the police on October 5 and asked the government to inform the court if the police decided to charge Sameet Thakkar under any additional charges that would warrant his arrest.