NEW DELHI: The
United Nations body
on climate change on Friday released an initial synthesis report on
updated climate actions
, pointing out that their collective plans so far do not put the world on a path to save it from disastrous consequences of global warming.
The findings prompted UN Secretary-General
to call it a “red alert” for the planet. The synthesis report, however, covers only the new or updated national climate action plans — called nationally determined contributions (NDCs) — of 75 members (74 countries and
) which submitted the updates by December 2020.
It doesn’t include the top two polluters — China and the US — and fourth biggest emitter India which has maintained that its NDC, submitted in 2015, is quite ambitious and it has been moving fast to achieve its target.
The synthesis report shows that the combined impact of the 75 NDCs puts countries on a path to achieve only 1% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to 2010 levels as against the ideal target of 45% reduction for achieving the 1.5 degree C temperature rise goal.
It, therefore, urged the nations to redouble their efforts and submit stronger, more ambitious NDCs in 2021 if they’re to achieve the
goal of limiting global temperature rise to 2 degree Celsius, ideally 1.5 degree Celsius, by the end of the century. Guterres said 2021 is a “make or break year” to confront the global climate emergency.
The synthesis report is, however, an initial report. A second report will be issued ahead of the UN climate conference (COP26) scheduled to be held in Glasgow, UK in November.