China's ambassador to London has accused the United Kingdom of gross interference in Beijing's imposition of new security legislation in Hong Kong, as a pro-democracy activist appeared in court and called for international support.
The UK has described the security law as a "clear and serious" violation of the 1984 Joint Declaration under which it handed back the territory to China 13 years later and said London would offer around three million residents a path to British citizenship.
Ambassador Liu Xiaoming told reporters that the UK move to open a path to citizenship for British National (Overseas) (BNO) passport holders in Hong Kong "constitutes gross interference in China's internal affairs and openly tramples on the basic norms governing international relations".
He said China would decide on its response after seeing how the UK proceeded with its passport offer.
British Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab rejected the allegations.
"This isn't a gross interference in domestic affairs," Raab told Reuters News Agency.
"It's a matter of trust and lots of countries around the world are asking this question: does China live up to its international obligations?"Activist appeal
Earlier on Monday, top Hong Kong pro-democracy activist Joshua Wong called on the international community to "stand with" the restless city.
Wong - who, at age 23, is one of Hong Kong's most prominent activists - was speaking outside a court where he and fellow campaigners were being prosecuted for involvement in civil unrest that rocked the international finance hub last year.
"We still have to let the world know that now is the time to stand with Hong Kong," he told reporters, before his court appearance on Tuesday.
"With the belief of Hong Kong people to fight for freedom, we will never give up and surrender to Beijing."
Pro-democracy activists Ivan Lam, left, Joshua Wong, centre, and Agnes Chow appeared at the Eastern Court [Tyrone Siu /Reuters]Strained relations
Although Prime Minister Boris Johnson describes himself as a "Sinophile", he has also spoken of the need to "stick up for our friends in Hong Kong", straining relations with Beijing.
He has also toughened his language on a provisional decision to allow China's Huawei to be involved in the development of the UK's 5G infrastructure, saying he would protect critical infrastructure from "hostile state vendors".
Johnson has faced intense pressure from the United States and some British legislators to ban the telecommunications equipment maker on security grounds and the UK's media minister said on Monday that the Huawei decision was not set in stone.
Liu said that, although China wanted friendly relations with the UK, there might be many consequences if the UK treated Beijing as an enemy or with suspicion.
"We want to be your friend. We want to be your partner. But if you want to make China a hostile country, you will have to bear the consequences," he said.
Police take away a man, centre, during a demonstration in a mall in Hong Kong on July 6, 2020, in response to a new national security law introduced in the city which makes political views, slogans and signs advocating Hong Kong's independence or liberation illegal [AFP]
He said a u-turn on its Huawei decision would damage the UK's image as an open, business-friendly environment and it meant London was having to "bounce to the tune of the other countries".
"The China business community are all watching how you handle Huawei. If you get rid of Huawei, it sends out a very bad message to other Chinese businesses," Liu said.
In 2015, former British prime minister David Cameron heralded a "golden era" in bilateral relations with Beijing, but these have soured amid growing dissent in Hong Kong. Liu said he hoped it was not over, but the UK had to be careful how it characterised China.
"Whether it is over or not is not up to the Chinese side," he said. "We have every reason to have good relations with the UK."
Hong Kong returned to China on July 1, 1997, under a "one country, two systems" formula guaranteeing wide-ranging autonomy and freedoms not enjoyed on the mainland, including an independent judiciary.Books targeted
On Monday the city's government ordered books that might breach the bill be taken from schools for review and possible removal.
"In accordance with the four types of offences clearly stipulated in the law, the school management and teachers should review teaching and learning materials in a timely manner, including books," the Education Bureau said.
"If they find outdated content or content that may concern the four aforementioned offences, they should remove them," the bureau added.
The law names four national security crimes: subversion, secession, terrorism and colluding with foreign forces.
The titles of books to be reviewed have not been made public, but the order comes two days after Hong Kong's libraries said they were pulling titles by the activist Wong and at least two other pro-democracy figures.